Towards a Prague Definition of Grey Literature

Author :
Schopfel, Joachim (University of Lille) ;
Corporate author :
GreyNet, Grey Literature Network Service ;
Conference :
GL12, Prague, Czech Republic, 2010-12-06 ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
The most common definition of grey literature, the so-called “Luxembourg definition”, was discussed and approved during the 3rd International Conference on Grey Literature in 1997. In 2004, at the 6th International Conference on Grey literature in New York City, a postscript was added. The main characteristic of this definition is its economic perspective on grey literature, based on business, publishing and distribution models of the disappearing Gutenberg galaxy. With the changing research environment and new channels of scientific communication, it becomes clear that grey literature needs a new conceptual framework. Research method: Our project applies a two-step-methodology: (1) A state of the art of terminology and definitions of the last two decades, based on contributions to the GL conference series (1993-2008) and on original articles published in The Grey Journal (2005-2010). (2) An exploratory survey with a sample of scientists, publishing and LIS professionals to assess attitudes towards of the New York definition and to gather elements for a new definition. Results: Based on the state of the art and the survey data, we make a proposal for a new definition of grey literature (“Prague definition”) with four new essential attributes: “Grey literature stands for manifold document types produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in print and electronic formats that are protected by intellectual property rights, of sufficient quality to be collected and preserved by library holdings or institutional repositories, but not controlled by commercial publishers i.e., where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body.”. The attributes and challenges are discussed. ;
Pagination/Size :
23 p. ;
SIGLE classification :
05B – Information science, librarianship ;
Keyword(s) :
Grey Literature definition ; GL conference series ;
Document type :
K – Conference ;  (Conference preprint)
Relation :
Series / Report no. :
Conference Program and Abstracts : GL-conference series, ISSN 1385-2308 ; No. 12
Later version :
  • The Grey Journal (TGJ): An international journal on grey literature, ISSN 1574-1796, volume 7 (2011), number 1
  • Conference Proceedings on Grey Literature : GL-conference series, ISSN 1386-2316 ; No. 12 (Printed/Bound)
Citation :
Twelfth International Conference on Grey Literature : Transparency in Grey Literature, Grey Tech Approaches to High Tech Issues, 6-7 December 2010 (Conference CD-ROM) ;
handle :
Table of contents :
Includes: Conference preprint, Powerpoint presentation, Abstract and Biographical notes, Pratt student commentary ;
Publisher :
Amsterdam : TextRelease, 2011
Rights :
Non-Exclusive Rights Agreement between Author and Publisher
Get a copy :
Country :
International ;
Files :
  • Full Document
  • GL12_Schopfel_2011_Abstract_and_Bionotes.pdf 95.2 KB
  • GL12_Schopfel_2011_Commentary_by_Pratt_Institute.pdf 67.9 KB
  • GL12_Schopfel_2011_Conference_Preprint.pdf 399 KB
  • GL12_Schopfel_2011_Powerpoint.pdf 783.5 KB